Tools

Top50

Top50 shows the best stocks based on Investtech’s quantitative analysis system. These stocks will rise in the next weeks or months, according to investor psychology.

Investtech calculates a technical score for each stock based on analysis of the price chart. The most important contribution to this score comes from trend. Other important elements are support and resistance, price formations and volume development. The technical score will be between –100 for the most negative stocks and +100 for the most positive stocks. A score above 50 indicates a buy recommendation, between 25 and 50 is weak buy, and -25 to +25 is watch.

Top50 are the stocks with the highest technical score.

Note that often there is little that distinguishes between a stock with a score of 80 and one with a score of 70. Consequently it is of little importance whether a stock is in first or twentieth place, if they both have a relatively high score. In these situations other risk aspects such as liquidity, volatility and your own portfolio strategies, should be emphasized instead.

Top50

In the table header you can choose between Buy Candidates and Sell Candidates. You can also choose between Short term, Medium term, Long term and Overall, depending on what is included in your subscription. Short term requires a Trader subscription, while Overall requires a Professional subscription.

Modellporteføljen

Fakta

  • Modellporteføljen er en fiktiv portefølje, uten reelle investeringer på børs.
  • Oppdatering gjøres fredager før børsens åpning. Handler gjøres til siste handelsdags sluttkurs, det vil vanligvis si torsdagens sluttkurs.
  • Hver aksje vektes likt og vektene blir rebalansert hver dag.
  • Porteføljens avkastning blir oppdatert hver kveld.
  • Det brukes en kurtasje på 0.2% ved hver handel. Det beregnes ikke kurtasje ved rebalansering av porteføljen.
  • Porteføljeansvarlig er forskningssjef Geir Linløkken.
  • Det markeres med tegnet # når Investtech Invest eller nærstående eier aksjer i selskapet.
  • For mer informasjon se Investtechs portføljeregler (på engelsk).

Nøkkelinformasjon

  • God historisk avkastning på lang sikt.
  • Risiko på linje med børs og god sektorspredning.
  • Mellomlang holdetid, ofte én til seks måneder per aksje.
  • Består av aksjer som er teknisk positive og/eller positive på innsidehandler.
  • Holder gode investeringer lenge, men selger raskt ved tap.
  • Aktiv stockpicking.
  • Oppdatering gjøres fredager før børsens åpning. Handler gjøres til siste handelsdags sluttkurs, det vil vanligvis si torsdagens sluttkurs.
  • God inspirasjonskilde for langsiktige investorer som har en moderat risikoprofil på sine investeringer.

 

For investorer som er mer kortsiktige eller søker stort avkastningspotensial, se Investtechs Tradingideer (krever Trader- eller Professionalabonnement).

Holde-deg-unna-porteføljen

Fakta

  • Holde-deg-unna-porteføljen er en fiktiv portefølje, uten reelle investeringer på børs.
  • Oppdatering gjøres fredager før børsens åpning. Handler gjøres til siste handelsdags sluttkurs, det vil vanligvis si torsdagens sluttkurs.
  • Hver aksje vektes likt og vektene blir rebalansert hver dag.
  • Porteføljens avkastning blir oppdatert hver kveld.
  • Det brukes en kurtasje på 0.2% ved hver handel. Det beregnes ikke kurtasje ved rebalansering av porteføljen.
  • Porteføljeansvarlig er forskningssjef Geir Linløkken.
  • Det markeres med tegnet # når Investtech Invest eller nærstående eier aksjer i selskapet.
  • For mer informasjon se Investtechs portføljeregler (på engelsk).

Nøkkelinformasjon

  • Svært negativ avkastning på lang sikt.
  • Består av aksjer som er teknisk negative og/eller negative på innsidehandler, og/eller har høy nedsiderisiko.
  • Holder dårlige investeringer lenge, men selger raskt ved gevinst.
  • Gjennomsnittlig holdetid cirka en og en halv måned per aksje.
  • Aktiv stockpicking med porteføljeoppdatering hver fredag før børsåpning.
  • Inneholder aksjer som de fleste investorer bør holde seg unna.

Investtechs Tradingidéer

Fakta

  • Tradingidéer er kortsiktige anbefalinger basert på Investtechs kvantitative analyser og analytikers subjektive vurderinger.
  • Aksjene velges fredager før børsens åpning. Oppgitte kurser er siste kjente kurs, det vil vanligvis si torsdagens sluttkurs.
  • Ansvarlig analytiker er forskningssjef Geir Linløkken.
  • Det markeres med tegnet # når Investtech Invest eller nærstående eier aksjer i selskapet.

Nøkkelinformasjon

  • God historisk avkastning.
  • Høy risiko.
  • Består av de fem beste aksjene på en til to ukers sikt.
  • Basert på teknisk analyse og innsidehandelanalyse.
  • Kan inneholder aksjer uten direkte kjøpssignaler, for å få større oppside.
  • God inspirasjonskilde for aktive investorer som tåler høy risiko.

Stock Selection

Stock selection is the best stock picking tool Investtech offers.

Select your time perspective from the top right drop-down list and which markets and sectors to include. Following are three groups of filters: General criteria, Technical criteria and Financial criteria. Note that certain filters and criteria are only available for some markets.

Markets

Stock Selection Markets
Pick your markets from which to select stocks. For example Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen. The report will show stocks that fit your criteria from all three markets, and you may get even better stocks than if you select from one market only.

It can be difficult to find very good candidates in smaller markets when the Exchange is weak or has moved sideways for some time. Multiple markets increase the chance of finding good stocks.

Sectors

Stock Selection Sectors
The report contains all kinds of companies, regardless of sector or industry. However, you can set sectors like Finance or Energy, or more detailed industries like Insurance or Oil drilling. The report will show only stocks within these sectors that also fit your other criteria.

Combining Markets and Sectors can for instance give ranked lists of the best bank stocks in the Nordic countries.

Filters

Click criteria on and off for each group. An active filter is highlighted in colour, while an inactive filter is neutral. Click and drag the slider to set values for each filter.

Stock selection active filter
Active filter in the middle, inactive on the left and right.

General criteria

General criteria are used to set size, liquidity and volatility of the companies you are looking for. It is easier to trade bigger, more liquid companies, but the best opportunities are often found in smaller companies. Volatility is measured in percentage per month and indicates how much the price has fluctuated historically. Large fluctuations carry high risk, but also often significant upside potential.

Technical criteria

Tekniske filtre

Technical criteria show investor behaviour and the development of optimism in the stocks, interpreted through the stocks' price charts. Technical score is a total assessment of the stock, calculated quantitatively by Investtech's computers. The algorithm assesses trend, support and resistance, volume development and buy signals from price patterns. Investtech's research shows that signals from trend, momentum and volume balance are statistically important, and you may choose to define your own criteria for all of these.

Technical criteria can be useful as a timing tool. According to technical analysis, optimism in stocks with these technical signals is increasing and the price will continue upwards in the next weeks and months.

Financial criteria

Financial filters

Financial criteria cover company valuation. These are criteria used in fundamental stock analysis.

Financial criteria can be useful in finding stocks that are cheap based on key ratios. Fundamental analysts expect many such stocks to rise in the long term. Note that financial key ratios can vary a great deal from sector to sector, and knowledge of the sector and the individual companies are often necessary for interpretation of key ratio figures.

Explanation of table

Stock selection

The table is automatically sorted by technical score. Click the column headings to sort by other values.

Technical score: Technical evaluation of the stock is done automatically by Investtech’s computers. The evaluation scale is from -100 to +100, where scores below -50 are "negative candidates", between -50 and -25 are "weak negative", between -25 and +25 are "watch", between 25 and 50 are "weak positive" and over 50 are “positive candidates”.

CAP: Capitalised value is market value in billion, calculated as stock price multiplied by shares outstanding.

Liquidity: Average daily turnover in million in the past month.

Volatility: Average difference between the highest and lowest price per month, calculated for the past year. Volatility is a common measurement of risk.

Rsi21: 21 day Relative Strength Index. Used to measure the short term momentum of the stock.

Volbal: 22 day Volume Balance. Measures volume vs price movement.

Yield: Dividend yield is the company's share dividend in relation to the share price. It is a measure of return to shareholders. Dividend yield is calculated as Dividend per share/Share price.

P/E: P/E stands for Price/Earnings, that is, share price in relation to the earnings per share. The key figures are used when assessing a share price in relation to the company's profit.

P/S :P/S stands for Price/Sales, that is price relative to sales. The key figures are used when evaluating a share price in relation to the company's sales.

P/B: P/B stands for Price/BookValue, that is price relative to equity. The key figures are used when evaluating a share price in relation to book equity.

Overall: Shows the sum of market value and daily liquidity for all stocks. The values for columns Technical score, Volatility, RSI, VolBal and Yield are a weighted average, where the weight is capitalized value. The values for columns P/E, P/S and P/B are calculated as the sum of market value (P) divided by the sum of Earnings (E), Sales (S) and BookValue (B) respectively.

Mean: Average value for all stocks.

Median: Median value for all stocks.

To the Stock Selection tool >>>

Trading opportunities

Stock prices occasionally exhibit combinations of technical indicators that strongly predict large price movements. Such combinations rarely occur, but when they do, there are often opportunities for very profitable trades. We call this trading opportunities. Stocks with trading opportunities will often have a high upside while the downside is low.

Investtech’s systems identify ten different kinds of trading opportunities. When you select Trad. opportunities from the left-hand menu, all the different kinds of trading opportunities are shown in the list. Select a particular kind from the table header. You can choose between short term, medium term and long term trading opportunities.

TradingOpportunities

The following information is given for each stock in the list:

Score: Every trading opportunity is given a score between 0 and 100. This score is shown in both the tables and on the details pages. The higher the score, the better the stock satisfies the criteria that theoretically define the trading opportunity, and the better the possibility to make a profitable trade with the stock. Note that several of the technical indicators that we measure per stock are not included in the computation of score for trading opportunities. Some of these, such as support and resistance, trend direction and volume balance, can be very important for the technical outlook of a stock. The trading opportunities with the highest scores will therefore not automatically be the best trades. We therefore recommend that users look at the whole picture, short and long term, and for example also evaluate fundamental information before trading. Kindly note that risk is not included in the calculation of the score. Two stocks with the same score can have very different risks. Stocks with very low liquidity will be excluded from trading opportunities, but the liquidity requirements to be included in trading opportunities are relatively low. Only trading opportunities with a score of 70 or higher are listed. Institutional users can change this limit under "Profile".

Risk/reward ratio: The risk/reward ratio is calculated as the upside potential vs. the downside potential, i.e. the reward of a successful investment (selling at target price) compared to the result in case of a failed investment (selling at stop loss). The downside potential is always set to 1, so the higher the upside potential, the higher the return.

Potential: Upside, measured in percentage. Calculated as increase in percent from recommended buy price to target price. Note that stocks with a high upside also tend to be high risk.

Access a specific trading opportunity to see recommended buy price, target and stop loss. You get concrete suggestions for where to buy and sell the stock, and the opportunity to consider upside vs. downside. Also listed are a presumed time horizon for the investment and conditions that strengthen or weaken the stock.

 

Oversold RSI and price near support

An oversold stock has fallen significantly in a short time, and a reaction up is implied. Price near support says that the price will rise. At the same time, placing stop loss just below the support ensures a small downside.

Theory:
RSI stands for Relative Strength Index and is defined as 100 times the sum of the last N days rise, divided by (the sum of the last N days rise plus the sum of the last N days fall), where N is 14, 21 or 90 for the short, medium and long term chart, respectively.
Oversold RSI, meaning low RSI-values, means that lately the price has fallen a lot without many reactions up inbetween. There has been too much focus on negative aspects, and the stock has been dominated by sellers. This cannot last indefinitely, and the stock should see a reaction up soon.

The fact that the price is near the support, means that when the price was at this level previously, the price showed an upward reaction. Investors who did not profit from the last increase, will want to buy now, and those who did buy the last time, but sold again, will want to buy again.

When these criteria occur simultaneously, we get a strong signal that the price will rise. At the same time, we have the opportunity to invest with a low risk, by placing a stop loss just below the support.

Score:
The closer the price is to the support, and the stronger the support level is, the higher the score. RSI should in addition be low and the volume balance and the relationship between volume tops and price tops should be positive. Also, it is positive if a bottom is formed in the price or RSI chart.

Buying price:
Is set one "normal movement" above the support level. A "normal movement" is defined as the average price movement during a period equal to about one percent of the length of the chart.

Price target:
Is set to the estimated theoretic maximum price, given that the price develops as a slightly coloured random walk for 20% of the length of the chart. Normally, this will be 15-30 procent of the height of the chart.

Stop loss:
Is set to approximately one "normal movement" below the support level.

Time horizon:
Is set from 14 to 20% of the length of the chart.

Positive divergence between RSI and price, and price near support

Positive divergence between RSI and price implies that the price will rise. Price near support implies that the price will rise. At the same time, placing stop loss just below support ensures a small downside.

Theory:
RSI measures the degree to which buyers or sellers have been influencing the price lately. Low values mean that sellers have been most influential, while high values mean that buyers have been most influential.
When the RSI chart is increasing, this means that buy interest is increasing and that buyers get relatively more influence in determining the price. If this happens while the price is moving sideways, or downwards, this is seen as an early signal of a possible upward movement of the price.

The fact that the price is near the support means that when the price was at this level previously, the price showed an upward reaction. Investors who did not profit from the last increase, will want to buy now, and those who did buy the last time, but sold again, will want to buy again.

When these criteria occur simultaneously, we get a strong signal that the price will rise. At the same time, we have the opportunity to invest with low risk, by placing a stop loss just below the support.

Score:
The degree of divergence between RSI and price is important for the calculation of the score. In addition, the price should be near the support and the support should be strong. Volume balance and the relationship between volume tops and price tops is also considered. Trend and price patterns also are taken into account.

Buying price:
Is set one "normal movement" above the support level. A "normal movement" is defined as the average price movement during a period equal to about one per cent of the length of the chart.

Price target:
Is set to the estimated theoretical maximum price, given that the price develops as a slightly coloured random walk for 20 % of the length of the chart.
Normally, this will be 15-30 per cent of the height of the chart.

Stop loss:
Is set to approximately one "normal movement" below the support level.

Time horizon:
Is set from 14 to 20 % of the length of the chart.

Rising trend channel and price near the bottom of the channel

A rising trend indicates that investors are more positive and that the price will continue to rise within the trend channel. When the price is near support, the upside potential is good, both short term and long.

Theory: The value of a stock often moves in a wave-like pattern. When a company presents positive news, or the market outlook changes in a positive direction, often more of the same follows. When this happens, there also is a tendency to focus more on the positive news and less on the negative, or for the news to be interpreted more positively.  A stock that is in a rising trend channel can therefore be expected to rise further within this channel.  Often the stock will move up and down within the channel in the short term. The upside potential is therefore bigger when the price is at the floor of the channel, than when it is near the ceiling. When the price is near the floor of the channel, this indicates a rise for both the short and longer terms. Furthermore, one has the possibility to set a tight stop loss when the price breaks down through the floor of the channel.

Score: The closer the price is to the floor of the trend channel, and the higher the quality of the trend channel, the higher the score. A recent strong price drop, such that RSI is low, also contributes to a higher score. A positive volume balance and a strong correlation between volume tops and price tops are also positive. Sell signals from formations and close to resistance levels decrease the score.

Buying price: Is set to the floor of the trend channel and a little above (about 15 % of the trend height).

Price target: Is set to the ceiling of the trend channel and a little below (about 20 % of the trend height). We have chosen to use the level of the ceiling the next day, instead of calculating the price level of the ceiling after the indicated time horizon. We do this because the price, especially when the trend is nearing its end, often does not go all the way up to the ceiling of the trend. Often the ceiling of the next day will be at the middle or floor of the trend after the indicated time horizon.

Stop loss: Is set just below the bottom of the trend channel.

Time horizon: Based on statistics from 1996-2004 and the stock's volatility characteristics, a time horizon is calculated for how many days it will take on average to complete a price movement equal to the movement from buying price to price target.

Buy signal from rectangle formation in a rising trend

A rising trend indicates that investors are more positive and that the price will continue to rise within the trend channel. Additionally, a buy signal from a rectangle formation indicates short term rise as well.

Theory: As described under "Rising trend and price near support", a stock within a rising trend is expected to continue rising. When a rectangle formation develops, a resistance is formed with sellers near the ceiling of the rectangle. When the price rises through the resistance this means that these sellers have been exhausted. The buying side is still the same size, but there is now a lack of sellers such that the price is driven higher. If one acts quickly and buys near the support (the old resistance) of the rectangle, one gets a good buying price and can place a tight stop loss. If the price has risen substantially after the break of the rectangle, it may be better to await a reaction back before buying.

Score: The formation's and the trend's quality, i.e. the similarity to a theoretically perfect formation and trend, are important for computing the score. The size of the formation and how long ago it was broken are also important contributors to the score. A price near the support of the formation results in a higher score than a price near the price target of the formation. If the price has reacted back below the support line after the break, this is negative. It is also negative if other formations have been formed after the break.

Buying price: Is set to the support of the formation and a little up (about 20 % of the height of the formation).

Price target: Is set to 90-125 % of the price target from the formation break.

Stop loss: Is set to 20 % of the height of the formation below the signal level of the formation, i.e. about a fifth down in the formation. For more flexibility, a stop loss can be placed just below the middle of the formation.

Time horizon: From 40 % to 80 % of the formation's height.

Rectangle formation developing in a rising trend and price near rectangle support

A rectangle formation in a rising trend is formed when investors need a break from the rise. The upside is big, both short term and long, when buying near the floor of the rectangle.

Theory: As described under "Rising trend and price near support", a stock in a rising trend is expected to continue rising within the trend channel. When the stock develops a rectangle formation, this is seen as a consolidation or pause before the rise continues. This is true even if the trend is broken while the rectangle formation develops, although this will increase the risk of a downward break. Often the price rises quickly once a rectangle formation is broken. Therefore, one will get a much better buying price if one buys before the break. The best buying price is at the floor of the rectangle formation. A suitable stop loss can be set right below the floor, such that the downward potential is low and the risk/reward high.  Careful investors can choose to get out of the stock at the ceiling of the rectangle formation, while those who want the highest possible return should wait until the price target is reached.

Score: The quality of the formation and the trend, meaning their similarity to a theoretically ideal formation and trend, is important for the calculation of the score. A price near the floor of the rectangle gives a higher score than a price near the ceiling. It is positive if the price is well positioned in relation to horizontal support and resistance levels, or if RSI is oversold. If the price has broken out of the rising trend channel, this is negative.

Buying price: Is set to the support of the formation and a little up (about 3 0% of the height of the formation).

Price target: The lower target is set to the ceiling of the rectangle formation and the upper target is set to the price target of the rectangle formation once broken up.

Stop loss: Is set to 20 % of the height of the rectangle below the floor in the rectangle.

Time horizon: From 40 % (lower price target) to 120 % (upper price target) of the formation's length.

Inverse head-and-shoulder formation under development and positive volume balance

Inverse head-and-shoulder formations signal a reversal from falling to rising trends. By buying early, before a proper signal is triggered, the upside is big. There will be uncertainty as to whether the signal is really triggered, but a positive volume balance often indicates that buyers are aggressive.

Theory: Inverse Head-and-Shoulders is a trend reversal formation and signals a reversal from a falling to a rising trend, or in other words, the start of a rising trend. The idea is that the stock has been negative for a long time and that the focus has been on negative news and weak prospects. This causes investors in the left shoulder as well as the head to press the price to bottoms lower than previous bottoms. With the rise in the head, the price reaches the level of the previous top. In a falling trend, following tops should be lower, so this is an early signal that the falling trend is ending. When we see that the price in the right shoulder forms a bottom that is higher than the bottom in the head, we have an indication that a rising trend is starting. The confirmation is when the price breaks up through the neckline. This means that the following top also will be higher than the previous top. It can often be profitable to buy while the inverse head-and-shoulder formation is developing, since the price often rises quickly once the neckline has been broken.

Positive volum balance is an isolated indication that the trend is rising, or that a falling trend is ending. Therefore the risk/reward ratio is seen as attractive when both these circumstances occur at the same time, i.e. when we have an inverse head-and-shoulder formation developing and volume balance is positive.

Score: The quality of the formation and trend, i.e. the similarity to a theoretically perfect formation and trend, is important for calculation of the score. A price close to the bottom in the right shoulder gives a higher score than a price near the neckline. Volume balance and correlation between price and volume development are important contributors to the total score. It is positive is the price is well positioned related to horizontal support and resistance level, but this is not weighted much. Also, a low RSI is positive. If the formation is formed near the maximum in the chart, this lowers the score, because the price cannot have fallen much before the development of the formation. It is also negative is the formation is very big compared to the trend.

Buying price: Is set from the support in the right shoulder to halfway to the neckline.

Price target: The lower price target is set to the neckline and the upper price target is sett to the price target from the inverse head-and-shoulder pattern.

Stop loss: If the "shoulder height" is defined as the height between the support in the shoulders and the neckline, the stopp loss is set to 20 % of the shoulder height below the support in the right shoulder.

Time horizon: From 40 % (lower price target) to 120 % (upper price target) of the formation's length.

Reaction back to support after buy signal from a formation

A buy signal from a price formation indicates increasing optimism and further rise for the stock. The price has now reacted back in the short term and there is an opportunity for a good entry price by buying just above the formation support.

Theory: When a price formation is broken, this often means the psychology of the market actors taken as a whole is in a special mode. This can for example be that many are sorry they did not buy earlier, or that many are sorry they sold too early. In general, we can say that when a resistance level is broken, all sellers who were on this level(perhaps due to fundamental reasons) are gone. So, the sell side is gone, while the buy side is still there. When a buy signal from a formation is given, this then often causes the price to rapidly rise further. It may then be difficult to buy at a good price. Sometimes, however, there is a reaction back after a formation break. This gives buyers a new chance to get in on the stock, and this time to a good price. It is also possible to invest with a low risk if one sets stop loss just below the support from the formation.

Score: With ideal trading opportunities like this, the price has almost, but not completely, reached the price target of the formation and has then reacted back to a level relatively close to the support from the formation. A lower score is given if the price already has reached the price target before it reacts back. A high quality of the formation, meaning that the formation is very similar to a theoretically perfect formation, results in a high score. The size and age of the formation, meaning how long ago it was broken, also contribute to the score. Volume balance and correlation between volume tops and price tops are also important for calculation of the score. If the price has been below the support line after the break, this is seen as negative. It is also negative if other formations have been formed after the break.

Buying price: Is set to the support of the formation and a little up (about 20 % of the height of the formation).

Price target: Is set to 90-125 % of the price target from the break of the formation.

Stop loss: Is set to 20 % of the height of the formation below the signal level of the formation, i.e. 20 % below the support of the formation.

Time horizon: From 30 % to 60 % of the formation's length. The same percentage is used for all types of formations, even though the signals from rectangles are reached quicker than signals from double-bottom formations and inverse head-and-shoulder formations.

Resistance broken and price near chart maximum

A break through resistance is a buy signal. When the price is near chart maximum, the investors have found reasons to buy the stock in spite of record levels. There is little or no resistance above today’s level and further rise is indicated.

Theory: Earlier tops in the price are important for defining resistance levels. Many will think that since the price dropped at this level earlier, it might do this again. A high accumulated volume at a certain price level is also important for defining resistance. It is probable that many will want to sell again at this level - either to repeat a good sale from earlier, or to sell without a loss. At resistance levels, there will therefore be more sellers. When the price breaks up through the resistance, this means that sellers at this level have sold their stocks. There still is buy interest, and the price rises further since there now are too few sellers. If a resistance is broken near the top in a chart, this means there is very little resistance above the current price. Maybe it also means the price has reached an all-time high, and that there is no resistance at all. The price is therefor not hindered by sellers who want to get out without a loss, and the stock can quickly rise further.

Score: The most important factors in calculation of the score are the strength of the resistance that has been broken, the distance from the price down to this level, and the distance from the price up to the maximum price in the chart. In addition, trend, possible formations, and volume development are taken into account.

Buying price: Is set one "normal movement" above the support level. A "normal movement" is defined as the average price movement during a period equal to about one percent of the length of the chart.

Price target: Is set to the estimated theoretical maximum price, given that the price develops as a slightly coloured random walk for 20 % of the length of the chart.
Normally, this will be 15-30 procent of the height of the chart.

Stop loss: Is set to approximately one "normal movement" below the support level.

Time horizon: Is set from 14 to 20 % of the length of the chart.

Buy signal after false sell signal

A buy signal following a false sell signal is often a very strong signal. It indicates that investors are becoming positive. A further rise is indicated, while it’s a short drop down to resistance level.

Theory: A sell signal from a price formation is triggered when an important support level is broken. The psychology of the market players and the company's position in its business cycle then predict that the price will drop further. Many investors will sell. If the price does not fall down to the price target of the formation, but instead rises, this often indicates that new and positive information has become available, and that new investors are buying. The sell signal was false. There are few things as irritating as a stock one just has sold rising strongly. But the stock is now more expensive than when one sold, so most of those who sold on the break down, will not do anything now. The stock continues to rise and breaks up on the opposite side of the formation. Sellers at the resistance level of the formation are gone now, there is a lack of sellers and a buy signal has been triggered. What is special about this situation is that the sellers below the floor of the formation are gone too, so that there will be an even greater imbalance between buyers and sellers than with a normal buy signal. A further rise is indicated, and one has the possibility to set a tight stop loss right below the ceiling of the formation.

Another way this can be explained is that the news surrounding the company became negative, or less positive than earlier, at the break down through the formation. Many sell based on this fundamental information. However, this turned out to be wrong, because the news turn positive again and the price rises. What seemed so negative was not so negative after all, and new positive impulses have come. The price breaks upward through the formation resistance, and sellers below the floor of the formation and sellers at the resistance are both gone. A powerful buy signal has been triggered, and a further rise is indicated.

Score: The most important criteria for calculating score for this type of trading opportunity are whether the break up happens relatively quickly after the break down, whether the volume development is positive and whether the price is near the support in the ceiling of the formation. In addition, the quality of the formation and the direction of the trend are taken into account.

Buying price: The ceiling of the formation is calculated as the line between the tops in the two shoulders in a head-and-shoulder formation, as the line between the two tops in a double-top formation and as the resistance line in a rectangle formation. A buy signal is given when this ceiling is broken, and the buying price is set from the ceiling and a little up (about 20 % of the height of the formation).

Price target: Is set to 90-125 % of the price target from the formation break.

Stop loss: Is set to 20 % of the formation's heigth under the ceiling of the formation.

Time horizon: From 40 % to 80 % of the formation's length.

Positive on Insider Trading and near support level

Positive insiders indicate that the stock is fundamentally cheap. At the same time, the stock is near support, where many investors and traders feel the stock is cheap.

Theory: The Insiders in a company know a lot about the company, the market the company operates in and the future outlook. Maybe they even have better knowledge than analysts and investors that track the stock. When Insiders bet their own savings that the price will rise, and buy stocks in the company, this means they believe the stock to be fundamentally cheap. When the stock price is near a support level, this either means it has fallen back to a support level, or that it has broken up through a resistance level and given a buy signal. In both cases, the psychology of the market indicates that the price should rise further. When the stock is both fundamentally cheap (postive on Insider Trading) and technically positive, one has good chances of making a good investment.

Insider Trading score is only calculated for the medium long term, and only for the Norwegian and Swedish markets, so this trading opportunity only exists for the medium long term for Norway and Sweden.

Score: The most important elements in calculating the score for this trading opportunity are Insider Trading score, the strength of the support level and the distance to the support level. In addition, the change in Insider Trading score for the last week, trend, formation and volume development are taken into account.

Buying price: Is set one "normal movement" above the support level. A "normal movement" is defined as the average price movement during a period equal to about one percent of the length of the chart.

Price target: Is set to the estimated theoretical maximum price, given that the price develops as a slightly coloured random walk for 20 % of the length of the chart. Normally, this will be 15-30 percent of the height of the chart.

Stop loss: Is set to approximately one "normal movement" below the support level.

Time horizon: Is set from 14 to 20 % of the length of the chart.

Signals

The tool Signals provides an overview of the latest positive and negative signals identified by Investtech’s systems. Signals from price formations are assumed to indicate in which direction the majority of investors are moving.

The tool is especially useful for investors whose strategy includes investing when certain signals are triggered. For example, investments based on rectangle formations have given good results.

The tool can be used as a stock picking tool when looking for new stocks to invest in.

Signals

Options (selected from table header):

  • Positive, negative and neutral signals.
  • All indicators or one in particular.
  • Time horizon: short, medium or long term.

Contents of table

Date: Price date when the signal was identified.

Indicator: Name of indicator.

Quality: For price formations, a quality between 0 and 100 points is given depending on how similar the formation is to a theoretically ideal formation according to technical analysis theory. Some deviation is accepted, but if the quality is below 40 points, the formation will not be drawn in the charts.

Objective: Target price. The signal from the pattern says that the stock will rise to this target or higher in a period of time which is as long as the pattern. In the case of negative signals, the objective says how far the stock will fall.

 

Pivot points

Pivot points are tops and bottoms in the chart. Investtech has a unique system for identifying such points. By looking at charts where new bottoms have been identified, stocks that are going to rise can be identified very early.

It is a sign of increasing investor optimism when a stock reverses after falling for a long time. There will always be a delay in the market due to the fact that information is scattered and processed at different times. When someone has seen the opportunities and become positive, others will follow. The idea of the Pivot points tool is to identify such situations as early as possible, which will enable you to be among the first to trade when the investors’ mood changes.

Investtech has developed computer systems which identify such turning points in stocks. In order for a bottom point to be drawn in the chart and appear in the lists, the price must have moved significantly from the bottom. Two factors determine whether movement is considered significant; a) the change in percentage and b) the number of days in which this happened. If we see a major price change, it is enough if the movement lasted for a few days. If the price change is small, it must last for several days.

The Pivot points list is a stock picking tool. The most common usage is looking at stocks with new price chart bottoms in one’s investment time frame. Candidates identified in this way should then be put through the usual chart analysis. It is especially important to study volume. A price movement on increasing volume is considered much more reliable than one on low or unchanged volume. A price movement in the same direction as the trend will be considered more reliable than one moving in the opposite direction.

 

Pivot points

Days since identification: Number of stock exchange days since Investtech’s systems identified the pivot point.

Days since: Number of days since the pivot point.

Pivot point: The price at the pivot point.

 

Trend signals

Rising trends indicate that the company experiences positive development and increasing buy interest among investors.

The tool Trend signals shows stocks that have recently entered a rising or falling trend. The list can be used to identify buy candidates. A very simple strategy is buying stocks that recently triggered a trend signal and keeping them until they exit the rising trend.

Investtech has conducted reasearch on price development following trend signals. We have developed statistics for the Norwegian and Swedish stock exchanges and assume that the results will hold true for other exchanges as well. The statistics show that stocks in rising trends do better than the exchange average both short and long term, whereas stocks in falling trends do worse.

Thus analysis of trends and trading based on trend signals are important parts of technical analysis.

Table explanation

Trendsignaler

Days in trend: Number of days the stock has been in the trend drawn in the chart.

Rising rate (degrees): Visual rising rate of the trend channel in the chart. From 0 (horizontal) to 90 degrees (vertical).

Rising rate (pct.): Rising rate in percentage if the stock continues in the trend channel for one year.

Note that a stock can enter a rising trend in two ways: 1) The trend in the chart changes, for example from an (old) falling trend to a (new) rising trend. 2) The price was above the trend ceiling or below the trend floor and entered the trend.

 

Good statistical basis

Avkastning etter trendsignalerA research report from Investtech dated May 2016 shows that a stock tends to follow the trend it is in. Thus if the stock is in a rising trend, it will continue to rise. If it is in a falling trend, it will continue to fall. This can be partly explained by the fact that news tend to come in series. A positive piece of news is usually followed by more positive news. The market grasps the first positive news, but not the probability of more positive news to follow. Consequently it can pay off to buy stocks that show positive development, anticipating that the trend will continue.

Investtech has developed computer systems that automatically identify rising and falling trends. In the period 1996 to 2015, 28,580 buy signals from stocks entering rising trends were identified, along with 16,348 sell signals from stocks entering falling trends. Investtech’s research report shows that the stocks in rising trends on average went up 5.5 per cent the following months, while stocks in falling trends on average rose by 0.9 per cent. In comparison the benchmark indices on average rose by 3.6 per cent in 3 months.

 

Insider trades

Analysis of insider trades is Investtech’s alternative to fundamental analysis. When persons on a company’s Board or in management buy stocks, it signals that they think the stock is cheap. Insider trade analysis is available for the Norwegian and Swedish stock exchanges only.

Insiders are often well-informed about the situation in the company and the market. Consequently they have reason to make assumptions about whether the stock is cheap or expensive. When insiders spend their own savings on the company where they work, it signals that the company is in fact doing better than the stock market seems to think.

Companies where insiders have purchased stocks can be good buy candidates for an investor. Use insider trades to confirm an otherwise positive analysis, or as an early signal of a turn. Insider trades are long term buy signals.

Sometimes insiders are too optimistic on behalf of their company. Have a look at the historical insider trades to see how well they have done before, and take this into consideration when assessing a stock.

Insider sales can signal that the stock is fundamentally expensive or that the risk is increasing. Pay attention to insider trades in the stocks you own and consider selling when one or more insiders are selling.

Innsidehandler liste og meny

Investtech’s insider lists provide an overview of which stocks are most positive based on insider trades. They also give an overview of the most recent insider trades and in which companies the insider ranking has increased the most.

Insider barometer and insider report

The insider barometer is a mood indicator for the stock market. It shows expectations for the stock market based on what the insiders in the companies are doing. If many insiders are buying, while few are selling, expectations are high. If a majority of insiders are selling stocks, expectations are low. Analysis of the insiders’ activity is considered important in an overall analysis of the stock market.

Insider barometer

The insider barometer shows number of insider purchases and insider sales in the past week, month, quarter and year. Insider purchases make up the green section, while insider sales make up the red section. The count is based on insider trades reported through the stock exchange message system. Only actual insider purchases and sales are included in the barometer.

The insider barometer is updated daily.

The insider report

The insider report deals with the most important insider trades in the past two weeks. The report is published bi-weekly in Norwegian and Swedish.

The insider report is a nice overview of events and can be a good source for potential buy candidates.

See Investtech’s list of Insider trades for daily updated rankings and analyses of the recently reported insider trades.

 

Insider trade analysis of stocks

Analysis of insider trades is Investtech’s alternative to fundamental analysis. When persons on a company’s Board or in management buy stocks, it signals that they think the stock is cheap. Insider sales are considered a signal that the stock is expensive or high risk.

Investtech’s insider trade analyses give an overview of insider purchases and insider sales in a company over time.

Insider trades per company

Each trade is assigned an importance on a scale from 0 to 100. Big trades count more than small ones, and trades where the insiders owned few stocks to start with, are given more weight than where they owned many. An insider purchase gives a positive number and sales give a negative number.

In Norway all registered insiders are obliged to report their own trades as soon as possible, and no later than when the exchange opens the next day. Investtech evaluates all stock exchange messages and registers data on insider trades. The insider trade analysis for Swedish stocks is based on the insider transactions reported
to the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority’s Insider Register.

Based on all reported insider trades in a company, Investtech’s systems assign the stock an insider ranking on the scale -100 to +100. Stocks with an insider ranking of 50 or higher are considered buy candidates based on insider trades. Insider rankings from 25 to 50 are considered weak buy candidates. Similarly, negative insider rankings are
considered sell candidates.

Explanation of table with insider trades
Insider trades shown in table

The trades in this table are the ones in the chart above.

Field Description
Date Date the trade was reported
Type Type of transaction
Count Number of stocks
Price The buying/selling price for the stocks
Value Value of the trade in NOK/SEK 1000
Percent Value of the trade in percentage of the insider's total holding in the stock
Controlled Number of stocks the insider owns after the transaction
Text Short text describing the transaction. Purchases in green, sales in red.
Importance The importance of the trade, calculated based on the amount of money traded for and the insider's change of stock ownership in percent. The scale goes from 0 (= unimportant) to 100 (=important).

Seasonal variations

Analysis of seasonal variations shows how a stock statistically has varied throughout the year. Some stocks appear to have particularly positive or negative price development in for example spring or autumn, or in certain months. These analyses show the stock’s expected development, if it develops as it has in the past few years.

Seasonal prediction

Seasonal prediction

The chart shows average price development and standard deviation for the stock price. The blue line shows the average. The dark shaded area is one standard deviation and the light shaded area is two standard deviations. The length of time the statistic is based on, is shown below the chart.

Assuming the stock has the same development each year, with annual statistical deviations, the chart shows how price development has been for the past three months and how it will be in the next six months.

The black line is actual price development the past three months, and the black dot is last closing price.

Average per calendar day is calculated by geometric mean, so that the mean value of for example +10 % and -9 % is 0 %. Estimator variance is calculated as the cumulative sum of variance per date, and the standard deviation is the square root thereof.

Note that the chart shows the estimated mean value of the seasonally adjusted stock and should not be used as a direct estimate of future price development. There are great fluctuations from year to year, both up and down compared to the average.

Monthly statistics

Monthly statistics

The chart shows average price changes for each month of the year.

Seasonal statistics

Seasonal statistics

The chart shows the stock’s price development in an average year, from January 1st to December 31st.

Annual price changes

The charts show price development for each of the past five years. Note that there is great variation from year to year. A year of particularly positive or negative development will significantly influence the average. Use seasonal prediction with care.

Trading Limits

Trading Limits shows the stock’s historical development throughout the trading day and its statistical price fluctuation. This can help you place good limit orders, facilitating execution at good prices.

Intraday fluctuations

Intraday

The chart shows the stock’s average development throughout the day quarter by quarter. Each body represents 15 minutes. The body is white when the price rises and black when the price falls. The shadows indicate highest and lowest price. Green and red volume columns signify rising and falling prices respectively. The column to the far right includes the Closing Auction and is often significantly taller than the others.

Some stocks tend to move with certain patterns throughout the day, which these charts may show. The statistics cover four time horizons: 5, 22, 66 and 250 days, which correspond to the past week, month, quarter and year, respectively.

Estimated prices

The table shows, calculated from yesterday’s closing price, which prices the stock is expected to fluctuate between today. The estimate presumes no significant news being published between yesterday’s close and the Exchange opening.

Note that news related to the company may cause great fluctuations on the day of publication. This can influence historical average figures to a great extent, resulting in charts and statistics giving a misleading indication of expected statistical fluctuation.

Key Financial Ratios

Key financial indicators give information about a company's performance based on reported financial results for a given time period.

Many analysts and investors uses key figures from companies' financial results as an important input to calculate actual or theoretical worth. There are different ways of calculating a company's net worth. They are usually based on the latest financial result or year-end-report, but sometimes may be based on a company's expected results.

Based on key financial ratios, if the actual stock price is trading under the theoretical value of the stock, the stock is said to be trading at a discount and is expected to rise in the near future.

Key financial ratios over time

The charts show historical key ratios and figures for up to ten years back in time. The last figure is calculated on the basis of last year's key financial figures and the stock's closing price. For example, if only the first quarterly report is presented, the ratio is based on the sum of last three quarters of the previous year and the first quarter of the year. This will compensate for seasonal fluctuations and compare the figures with previous full-year figures. For previous years' key figures, full year's earnings report and the year's average stock price are used in the calculation. By doing this, historical figures will be constant, while the fresh ones will vary with the change in the stock price.

Most widely used key financial ratios are explained below.




Dividend yield

Dividend yield is company's share dividend in relation to the share price and is a measure of return to shareholders. It is calculated by dividing the amount of dividend paid in a given year by the market price per share and is represented as a percentage.

Dividend yield is a way to measure the cash flow investors get for each dollar invested in the stock. Apart from the share price development, the figure shows what interest rate the share has generated annually.

Example: We compare two stocks in the same sector. Company A pays a dividend of 50 øre per share, while stock B pays a dividend of 1 krone per share. If the stocks of both companies are trading at 20 krone, dividend yield for company A is 2,5 %, while that for company B is 5,0 %.

Given everything else constant, investors who buy shares to increase their annual income would prefer to buy shares of company B over company A as it offers a dividend yield twice that of its peer.




P/E - price/earnings

P/E stands for Price/Earnings, that is, price in relation to the earnings. The P/E ratio is used when assessing a share's price in relation to the company's profit. Example: A P/E number of 10 means that the share costs 10 times the company's annual profit. P/E is calculated as Share price/Earnings after tax per share.

The P/E ratio can tell if investors consider the stock as a value stock or a growth stock , especially when considering the company's growth rate and underlying earnings potential. Value stocks comparatively have stable earnings and relatively low P/E numbers. Growth stocks, on the other hand, have a stronger increase in turnover and earnings, and are expected further increase in P/E figures.
 
A low P/E, compared to other shares in the same sector, indicates that the stock is relatively cheaper. However, under special circumstances this may not always be the case.

Example: We compare two shares in the same sector. Company A has reported a profit of 1 krone per share, while company B has reported a profit of 2 krone per share. Both are traded for 20 krone in the market. This gives company A a P/E of 20, while company B has a P/E of 10.

This means that company B is much cheaper, relatively speaking. For each share purchased, the investor receives 2 krone in profit, compared with only 1 krone for company A. Given everything else constant, the investor should therefore buy shares in company B.

Note that P/E and other key figures may vary due to different accounting rules and principles in the companies.




P/S - price/sales

P/S stands for Price/Sales, that is, price relative to sales. The key indicator is used when evaluating a share price in relation to the company's sales. Example: A P/S ratio of 2.0 means that the stock costs 2.0 times the company's annual turnover. P/S is calculated as Share price/Revenue per share.

Example: Company A has 10 million outstanding shares and the share price is 90 krone, corresponding to a total value of 900 million krone. Total sales amount to NOK 800 million and the P/S ratio is 1.13.

A low P/S may indicate that the stock is undervalued in the market. Conversely, a high P/S may indicate that the stock is overvalued. Taking above example, if the average P/S ratio of the sector is 1.3, it means that company A is undervalued compared to other companies in the sector.

As with other key figures, be careful about using P/S ratio in isolation. However, the key figures may be useful especially when comparing the valuation of companies in their early-phase that have revenues, but do not profit immediately after inception.




P/B - price/book

P/B stands for Price/BookValue, that is, price relative to equity. The key ratio is used when evaluating a share price in relation to equity. P/B is calculated as Share price/Equity per share. Example: A P/B ratio of 1.8 means that the share costs 1.8 times the company's equity.

A low P/B number may indicate that the stock is undervalued. However, it may also mean that something is fundamentally wrong with the company. This ratio varies considerably across sectors, as there is a big difference in how capital-intensive sectors are.

The P/B ratio gives an indication of what would be achieved if the company were to realize its ownership interests, discontinue operations and pay the capital to shareholders.




Calculation of key ratios

Note that P/E and other key ratios and figures may vary due to different accounting rules and principles in the companies.

Note that there are several ways to calculate key financial indicators/figures. For example, you can include minority interests or not, you can include one-time items or not, and you can use different exchange rates. It could also make a big difference if you look at historical key figures or estimated future figures. Thus, there are often differences in the same key figures from different data suppliers and analysts.

However, the most important thing is that the calculation is done in the same way over time, so that you can track developments in key figures year over year and compare companies against each other, mainly of the same sector.




Table: Financial data

Financial accounts over time

The table shows reported accounting figures for up to ten years back in time. The last numbers are consolidated figures for the last 12 months. For example, if only the first quarterly report is presented, the sum is used in the last three quarters of the previous year and the first quarter of the year. Thus, seasonal fluctuations are compensated for and figures can be compared to previous full-year figures.

Results analysis

Investtech’s analysis of results publications gives an overview of price development in the companies in the days preceding and following publication of accounts and profit warnings. For each stock, results publication is shown in the price chart in the long term, and details are shown for price development immediately before and after results publication. In addition an average is calculated. This gives an opportunity to see which effect results publication has had on the price development. The statistics also provide the chance to look for special effects in connection with results publication, for example whether a company almost always sees rising prices before publication, or whether the price rises afterwards.

Explanation of table

Results presentation

Dato Date result was reported.
Selskap Company the report is for. Click on company name to see chart with details and statistics for results publications for the company.
Periode Period the published results are for. Y2012 means year 2012, and Q3-12 means 3rd quarter 2012.
Endr 10 dager før Price change the last 10 days before the results publication.
Rapporteringsdag Price change on the day the results were published.
Endr 10 dager etter Price change the first 10 days after the results publication.

Results analysis

Investtech’s analysis of results publication gives an overview of price development in the company the days before and after publication of quarterly results. Some companies seem to systematically give positive or negative surprises or are characterized by investors acting a certain way around results publication. These analyses provide the opportunity to reveal such correlations and use them to get in position prior to results publication. Does a company almost always rise before publication, or does it rise afterwards? Note that results publication always carries high risk of surprises, so the probability of great price movements, up and down, is much higher than usual.

Results publication: intraday movements

Results publication intraday movementsg
The chart shows the stock’s average development the day before results publication, the day of publication and the day after publication. The example shows a stock where the price historically opens down, but then catches up during the day of and the day after publication.

There are two sets of charts on the Results Analysis page. The top set are charts for the past five results publications and the bottom set are for the past twenty. If a stock has short history on the Exchange, statistics for fewer data are shown.

Results publication: monthly movements

Results publication monthly movements
The chart shows average price development from the month before to the month after results publication. The results are published on day 0 in the chart, and price development on this day is shown in red. The shaded area is one standard deviation.

Statistical development and base data

Specific return is shown in the table below the charts. The average figures are shown first and then the individual data. There is often great variation from one results publication to the next. Inspecting the table will provide the details. At the bottom of the page are charts with the development for each results publication. Click the plus icon to see these.

Results publications in the price chart

Results publications in the price chart

Results publications are plotted in blue dots in the price chart. The chart shows results publications in the past 18 months.

Price alerts: Be notified when the stock price reaches your specified level!

You may now enter a price alert for a stock and be notified when the price reaches this level.

Alerts entered are shown in “My alerts” in the menu. When a stock reaches or breaks a specified level, the row is checked and the date the alert was triggered is added. You will also be notified by e-mail after the exchange’s closing. E-mail notifications can be switched off by clicking the e-mail symbol next to the specified alert price.

If several alerts are triggered on the same day, they will be collected in one e-mail. You will never receive more than one notification e-mail per market.

Kursvarsling

Any price alerts entered for stocks in “My Portfolios” will be indicated with coloured check marks on the “My Portfolios” page. These also show whether the specified price level is reached. Price alerts used in combination with the stocks in “My Portfolios” is a useful money management tool for controlling for instance breaks through stop loss and reached price targets.

Alert levels will not be automatically adjusted when charts are adjusted for splits, reverse splits or dividend payments.

Keywords: Help,kursvarsling,myAlerts.

My Portfolios – User guide

The portfolio system is transaction based. You register purchases and sales of stocks, in addition to dividend payments, splits and reverse splits. You can also register cash transactions like deposits, withdrawals and other gains or costs.
If a stock is bought or sold several times, the system will calculate return based on the Average Cost Method. When you have sold all your stocks in a company, the calculation will start over when new stocks are bought in the same company. When all the stocks in a company have been sold, the transactions still remain in the system. It is easy to go back and check the results of previous investments.

The name of the portfolio being viewed is shown in the top left-hand corner.

You can re-name portfolios, delete portfolios and create new portfolios.

 

Create new portfolios

You create new portfolios by clicking «Create portfolio». Give the portfolio a name and set the portfolio standard currency. Cash holdings and total values will be shown in the currency selected here.

Add transactions

Click «Add transaction» in order to add a transaction to the portfolio. A window opens where you can select the type of transaction to add, i.e. buy, sell, dividend, etc.

Register purchase or sale

Search for the stock and enter information about the trade. Entering a comment about the transaction is optional.

Register splits and reverse splits

When there is a split or reverse split in a stock, the number of stocks in the company changes. Select Split/Reverse Split and the relevant stock. You can only select stocks where you have registered at least one transaction. When you pick the date, the system fetches the number of shares you had in the portfolio on that date. All you need to register is how many stocks you own after the Split/Reverse split. The system automatically adjusts the entry price based on the change.

Register dividend

When a company pays dividend, you can register this by selecting transaction type «Dividend». Select which stock and the relevant date. Enter the total amount paid. I.e. if you own 100 stocks that each gives a 0.5 euro dividend, enter the total amount of 50.00 euro. If dividend is paid in another currency than your portfolio currency, select the relevant currency and the exchange rate to be used. The system does not take into account any withholding tax on dividend payments from foreign stocks.

Register deposits/withdrawals

Amounts greater than 0 are registered as deposits. Amounts below 0 are registered as withdrawals.

 

Overview

This page shows the number of all stocks in the portfolio, last closing price and value in the stock’s currency. It also shows how many percent the stock has risen or fallen in relation to buying price. If you have entered any cash holding and it is positive, cash holding is shown. Finally it shows the total value of the portfolio. If the portfolio contains stocks with different currencies, the total value is shown in the portfolio standard currency.

Overview

The most recent transactions are shown below the inventory list. These may be purchases, sales, dividend payments, splits, reverse splits, or cash transactions. On the right hand side is a graphic representation of the portfolio. The top chart shows the distribution of the stocks in the portfolio, and the one below shows the medium term technical assessment of the various stocks. Click “More analyses” to access the graphic analysis of the portfolio distribution.

 

Details

Details

This page provides more detailed information about the portfolio stocks. In addition to the information from the Overview page, this page shows buying price, change in euros, risk assessments and indicators that give a technical assessment of the stock.

 

Foreign stocks

The buying price includes commission and is shown in the stock’s currency. Value and change in amount is calculated in the portfolio currency. Buying a foreign stock and seeing the price rise, can still mean losing money if the exchange rate falls.

Transactions

Transactions

This page shows all transactions registered for the portfolio; trades, dividend payments, registered costs, deposits, withdrawals and any splits or reverse splits.

For purchases and sales, the trading price, commission and total price are shown. Trading price is shown in the stock’s currency, whereas commission and total value are shown in the portfolio currency.

Dividend is shown in the portfolio currency.

Hausse index

The Hausse indices are indicators of optimism. They show the ratio of investors who are positive in the market.

An analysis of hausse indices is an important part of an overall market analysis. Hausse analysis can show the level of optimism among short term and long term investors, and whether the optimism is rising or falling. In special situations, following long rises or falls, hausse analysis can identify the turning points in the market.

Kortsiktig hausseindeks for Oslo Børs   Langsiktig hausseindeks for Oslo Børs

Investtech’s short term hausse index (hausse1) measures optimism among short term investors. The index is a good gauge for the level of activity in the market among investors who tend to keep a stock for one to six weeks. Investtech’s long term hausse index (hausse2) measures optimism among long term investors. It shows mood swings in the market among long term investors who tend to keep the same stock for several months or years.

When a long term reversal in the market is coming, it can often be detected early by watching the actions of short term investors. Therefore an analysis of the short term hausse index is important, not only for short term fluctuations, but also for long term trends and reversals.

The Hausse index shows ratio of companies that have triggered buy signals

Aksje med kjøpssignalWe can measure optimism in a stock by seeing if investors are still willing to pay more than before for the stock. If this is the case, i.e. that the stock has risen above the previous top, the stock is given a buy signal in the hausse estimate.

 

Aksje med salgssignalIf the opposite is true, i.e. investors are willing to sell at lower prices, lower than previous bottoms, the stock is given a sell signal in the hausse estimate.

 

The Hausse index shows the ratio between number of companies that have triggered buy signals and total number of companies. The index has a value between 0 and 100, where 0 means that every company’s last signal was a sell signal, and 100 means that every company’s last signal was a buy signal. Values above 50 indicate that a majority of investors are positive.

Normal situation

Positive Hausse index:

  • Rising Hausse values, after a notable bottom (increasing optimism)
  • Value above 50 (high optimism)
  • Rising tops and bottoms (long term improvement of optimism, but short term uncertainty)
  • Strengthens or confirms a positive analysis of the market index

Negative Hausse index:

  • Falling Hausse values, after a notable top (decreasing optimism)
  • Values under 50 (low optimism)
  • Falling tops and bottoms (long term reduction of optimism, but short term uncertainty)
  • Strengthens or confirms a negative analyis of the market index

 

Important special situations

Elation:

  • Very high Hausse value, 90 or above
  • Almost everyone is positive, and consequently almost everything is positively priced in the stock market
  • Almost any change will be negative
  • Signals overheating of the market and that a major reaction/reversal is due soon
  • Consider selling when the Hausse value drops below 90 again (falling optimism, emerging pessimism)

Dejection:

  • Very low Hausse value, 10 or less
  • Almost everyone is negative, and consequently almost everything is negatively priced in the stock market
  • Almost any change will be positive
  • Signals that a wide sales pressure will soon be over and that prices will start rising again
  • Consider buying when the Hausse value climbs above 10 again (emerging optimism)

Investtech’s Competence Program

The Competence Program teaches you Investtech’s systems and what has historically given good results in the stock market. It is a good way to get started using Investtech's analyses, but also a way for experienced users to increase their confidence and get more out of the system.

Stock market success over time requires good analyses and correct timing. An Investtech subscription gives you analyses of individual stocks, well organised stock picking systems and concrete trading suggestions every day. The more experience and knowledge you have on investor psychology and how the market works, the better your chances of success on the stock market. The Competence Program was developed to help customers achieve the best possible use of Investtech’s systems. We hope you will be satisfied with the program and that it will help you get good results in the stock market.

You will get various challenges and will notice that your competence level increases as you reach each target. The Program does not require any special use of Investtech’s systems. You can use the analyses like you normally do. However, the Competence Program will provide encouragement and allow you to see your progress in various areas. You can stop or take a break from the Competence Program at any time.

Please click the links on the right hand side in order to read more about Points, Levels and Challenges in the Competence Program.

Investtech’s Competence Program - Points

You earn Competence Points every time you use Investtech’s stock picking tools or read a stock analysis, a help page or a research report. The Points describe the increased knowledge and experience you gain from using our site.

You must spend a certain amount of time on each page in order to be credited with the relevant Points. This information is shown in the Competence Program box on the right hand side of relevant page. Your total Points are shown on the top of any page.

When you have earned enough Competence Points, you reach the next level on the Competence Scale.

The following applies:

Points Page
1 Stock analysis
10 Daily Case, Market Commentary and Morning Report
10 Top50, Stock Selection, and other Stock Picking Products
20 My Portfolios and My Stocks
10 My notes
20 (5) Insight & Skills pages, including Indicator Help, Product Help and the Quick Start Guide
100 (10) Articles on research results and/or trading strategies
200 (20) Research Reports
50 Log in, per day
0 Uncategorized pages and articles

You earn points for every stock analysis you access. For instance, both medium and short term analysis give points, but only once a day. All analysis and stock picking products from the left hand menu give points. When the analyses are updated, i.e. when new closing prices are available, you earn new points when accessing the analyses again.

Help pages and research articles give points the first time they are read. Some of this information can require some processing however, and therefore these pages give some additional points the next time you read them.

Investtech's Competence Program - Levels

When you join the Competence Program, you will acquire new knowledge and experience quickly. Your Competence Level will rapidly increase. Early on it will be very helpful to read the Insight & Skills pages. They teach you how Investtech’s systems work, and how technical analysis should be understood and used. You will also learn much from reading our research reports. They outline how well various analyses actually work in the market, and which elements should be emphasized when stock trading. The research reports can be valuable when developing your own strategy on the stock market.

Once you have acquired knowledge about the analyses and systems, increased competence will come from using the system over time. It is important to log in regularly, check your stocks and check for signals in the market. It can also be a good idea to refresh your knowledge by re-reading research reports and consulting help pages.

The following applies:

Level Points required
1 0
2 200
3 500
4 1000
5 1600
6 2500
7 4000
8 7000
9 10000
10 15000

The Level limits may change and the table be expanded if and when new elements are added to the Competence Program.

Investtech’s Competence Program – Challenges and Achievements

When you start the Competence Program, you are given some Challenges. These Challenges are designed to help you understand Investtech’s systems and technical analyses as quickly as possible, as well as how these can help you become a better investor.

The Challenges can be logging in, reading various help pages and reading stock analyses. When you have completed the Challenges, you are awarded Stars. In time you will be able to unlock further Challenges. Click “More information” for information about why this Challenge matters and “Link” in order to go directly to the relevant page.

Challenges and achievements

Please note that if a page has been registered and you have earned Competence Points for it, you have to wait for the next update before you can use this same page again for more Challenges.

 


Investtech guarantees neither the entirety nor accuracy of the analyses. Any consequent exposure related to the advice / signals which emerge in the analyses is completely and entirely at the investors own expense and risk. Investtech is not responsible for any loss, either directly or indirectly, which arises as a result of the use of Investtechs analyses. Details of any arising conflicts of interest will always appear in the investment recommendations. Further information about Investtechs analyses can be found here disclaimer. The content provided by Investtech.com is NOT SEC or FSA regulated and is therefore not intended for US or UK consumers.


Investtech guarantees neither the entirety nor accuracy of the analyses. Any consequent exposure related to the advice / signals which emerge in the analyses is completely and entirely at the investors own expense and risk. Investtech is not responsible for any loss, either directly or indirectly, which arises as a result of the use of Investtechs analyses. Details of any arising conflicts of interest will always appear in the investment recommendations. Further information about Investtechs analyses can be found here disclaimer. The content provided by Investtech.com is NOT SEC or FSA regulated and is therefore not intended for US or UK consumers.

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